Impact of US Immigrants


During the late-1860s (MSJ) until the late 1880s (BBS), the most successful US typefounders aggressively recruited brilliant young Scottish and German punch-cutters with the extraordinarily rare combination of creative imagination, drawing talent and highly developed technical skills.

Routinely taught both applied and fine arts in public schools, the Germans offered something else too: a burning (and timely!) desire to escape the “shackles” of traditional gothic letterforms.

By the mid-1870s, these geniuses catapulted their employers to extreme wealth and worldwide industry leadership.

  Textbook Previews. Edwin Ruthven (Scotland), James West (Scotland), William Capitain (England), Julius Herriet Sr. (Germany), Carl/Charles E. Heyer (Germany), Herman Ihlenburg (Germany), Henry Brehmer (Germany), Gustave Schroeder (Germany), Ernst Lauschke (Germany).

Besides “face value” of the precious biographies recorded by 19th-century eye witness William E. Loy, THP has learned more about these men and their work by integrating his accounts of individual subjects with those of their mentors, colleagues, sons or apprentices, with design patent applications and other public records, and with histories written by other researchers.