Color Key References and Abbreviations

  1. Loy W.E.: Designers and Engravers of Type. In The Inland Printer, 1998-1900.
  2. Bullen, H.L. [pen-name Quadrat]: Discursions of a Retired Printer. In The Inland Printer, 1906-1908. ATF librarian/historian 1908-1934.
  3. Annenberg, M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editor]; Lieberman, E.K.[Index] (1994): Type Foundries of America and Their Catalogs. Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  4. McGrew, M. (1993): American Metal Types of the Twentieth Century (Second, Revised Edition). Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE.
  5. Mullen, R.A. (2005): Recasting a Craft|St. Louis Typefounders Respond to Industrialization. Southern Illinois University Press, Cardondale.
  6. Pankow, D. (1993): Recast in an American Image|The Work of Hermann (sic) Ihlenburg, Type Designer. In The Ampersand 13:10-18.
  7. Johnston, A.M.; Saxe, S.O. [Editors](2009): William E. Loy|Nineteenth-Century American Designers and Engravers of Type. Oak Knoll Books, New Castle, DE.
  8. Peterson, W.S. (1991): The Kelmscott Press|A History of William Morris’s Typographical Adventure. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  9. Eason, R.; Rookledge, S.; Baines, P.; Rookledge, G. (1991): Rookledge’s International Handbook of Type Designers|A Biographical Directory. Sarema Press Ltd, London.

JFC=John F. Cumming, OS=Old Style, HF=heavyface, LF=lightface, #=digitially archived. BTF=Boston Type Foundry, CTF=Central Type Foundry, DTF=Dickinson Type Foundery, HTF=H.C. Hansen Type Foundry, BBS=Barnhart Brothers & Spindler, MSJ=MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan.


Important Event

Font not listed in Loy’s JFC article

Design patents

William Morris

ATF faces cut by
JFC, sold by HTF


Boston/St. Louis Connections

Binner Engraving Company faces

1800–1870 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

1 1817 BTF “First Letter Foundry in New England”

Annenberg³ 70

2 1827 May 12 C. Schraubstadter Sr. born (Germany)

Inland Printer Dec 1886; Mullen⁵ 25 J141

3 1841 Sep 11 J.A. St John born (Newfoundland)

Printers’ Review (Inland Printer Jan 1887); Quadrat² May 1907 J156

4 1841 Sep 30 C.E. Heyer born (Germany)

Loy¹ Jan 1900

5 1837-1842 DTF founded by Samuel N. Dickinson DTF specimen book
Annenberg³ 128

6 1845 Feb 23 J.W. Phinney born (Nantucket, MA)

phinneysplace.com

7 1845 Oct 16 H.C. Hansen born (Norway)

Inland Printer Apr 1916

8 1846-1848 Dickinson dies, tuberculosis DTF broadside, specimen book
Annenberg³ 129

9 1852 May 20 J.F. Cumming born (Harrisonville, PA)

Loy¹ Jul 1898

10 1855 DTF Gothic Shade# c1850=
ATF Jim Crow# 1930s revival
DTF specimen book, Sewell Phelps and Michael Dalton Proprietors
McGrew⁴ 189;
Annenberg³ 129


11 1856, 1859
2 DTF specimen books, one minor
Annenberg³ 129

12 1854-1874 Schraubstadter works at BTF

Inland Printer Dec 1886; Mullen⁵ 25 J141

13 1857-1869 St John works at BTF

Printers’ Review
(Inland Printer Jan 1887)


14 1861 G.F. Schroeder born (Germany)

Loy¹ Dec 1898

15 1861 Jul 4 J. Herriet Jr. born (New York, NY)

Loy¹ Jul 1899

16 1863/1864 Phelps dies, Dalton retires (per Bullen)

Annenberg³ 129, Quadrat Oct 1906

17 1867-1877 Heyer works at BTF

Loy¹ Jan 1900

18 1867 Danish Architect/Lettering Artist L.S. Ipsen settles in Boston

American Bookmaker, July 1886

19 1867-1868 If Dalton retired in 1864, who was “in charge” until after Boston Fire in 1872? 4 DTF specimen books
Annenberg³ 129

20 1869 Phinney hired (by whom?) as DTF specimen printer, marries Susan Jane Turner in Jan (two children born 1869, 1873)

Quadrat² Jun 1907
Bullen, Inland Printer Aug 1924
phinneysplace.com


21 1869-1874 St John establishes, manages new BTF St Louis Branch

Mullen 24; Printers’ Review (Inland Printer Jan 1887) J156

22 1870-c1872
2 DTF specimen books
Annenberg³ 129

1871–1880 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

23 1872 Nov Fire destroys Boston business district, all four TFs Annenberg³ 129, 145, 152

24 Immediate Outcome TF employees are without jobs: Enter Hansen New DTF Partners: Pierce, Phemister, Converse; Phinney becomes "people person" By the end of the month, DTF machinist-inventor H.C. Hansen launches HTF on Exchange St Annenberg³ 145; Quadrat² Jun 1907; Review of Specimens Recived, Inland Printer Oct 1902

25 1873 W.W. Jackson [1847-1898] of Philadelphia leaves MSJ: later commissioned by CTF, DTF

Loy¹ October 1898; Mullen⁵ 83,135

26 1874-1879 JFC works in St Louis, befriends St John

Loy¹ Jul 1898

27 1874 Aug Schraubstadter partners with St John, moves to St Louis; they acquire BTF Branch, rename it Central TF Inland Printer Dec 1886; Mullen⁵ 24

28 1875 Jan HTF moves to Hawley St

Review of Specimens Received, Inland Printer Oct 1902

29 1876
DTF Specimen book
Annenberg³ 129

30 1877 DTF address Court Ave

Pettingills Newspaper Directory 1877

31 1877 Heyer quits BTF, moves to Chicago; no display- type cutters in Boston until JFC arrives (1881)

Loy¹ Jan 1900

32 1879 ≤Jan Heyer joins BBS, Chicago

Loy¹ Jan 1900; USPTO D11044

33 1879-1881 JFC works in Chicago; meets Heyer via St John?

Loy¹ Jul 1898, Loy Jan 1900

34 1879 DTF address Washington St, “above the Globe Office” (leading Boston newspaper)




35 1879 Oct Dalton dies DTF specimen book
Annenberg³ 129

36 1880 HTF leases all 5 stories, Hawley St

Inland Printer Oct 1902

37 1880 Phinney describes his job as "type moulder"

US Census (phinneysplace.com)

38 1879 Oct JFC later cuts LF derivatives Artistic, Colonial Henry Brehmer (New York) cuts DTF Renaissant#
Loy¹ Nov 1899; Johnston & Saxe⁷ 117

39 Dec 1880-Jan 1881 Applicant St John: 3.5 yrs, not assigned. Designed by Jackson? St John patents Geometric#
USPTO D12123, Mullen⁵ 135

1881-Thereafter: Except in 1886-c1891 (Herriet), JFC is the only known type-cutter in New England Loy¹ 1898-1900

40 1881-1884 JFC works at BTF (Table 2)

Loy¹ Jul 1898

41 1881 Visiting German homeland, Schraubstadter recruits Schroeder to CTF. Schroeder and Jackson cut Geometric#

Loy¹ Dec 1898; Mullen⁵ 135

42 1881 Mar-Apr Co-Applicants Phemister et al. (DTF partners): 7 yrs, assigned to themselves Phemister et al. patent Norman Italic (cut by Brehmer?)
USPTO D12235, Quadrat² Jun 1907

43 1882 Jun-Oct Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, assigned to DTF partners. First Mrs. Phinney dies Phinney patents DTF Aesthetic# (cut by Brehmer)
USPTO D13328; Loy¹ Oct 1898
phinneysplace.com


44 1883 Heyer designs CTF Rococco?

Mullen⁵ 136

45 1883 Phinney becomes a DTF Partner (per Loy); commissions Jackson to cut his handwriting as Manuscript# DTF specimen book
Loy¹ Oct 1898; Annenberg³ 129

1884–1888 Conclusive evidence of JFC’s employment by Dickinson Type Foundery/ATF Boston begins here

46 1884 Aug JFC hired by DTF

Loy¹ Jul 1898

47 1885 Phinney becomes a DTF partner (per Bullen); marries Priscilla Chase Morris in Sep (four children born 1886, 1887, 1890, 1896)

Quadrat² Jun 1907; phinneysplace.com

48 1886–c1991 J. Herriet Jr. works at BTF

Loy¹ Jul 1899

49 1886 Point-Pica System adopted by Association of Typefounders of the United States

Loy, Typefounders and Typefounding in America. In Inland Printer 30:249, 1902

50 1886 Feb
Mother Hubbard#, Karnac# ads
Inland Printer Mar 1886, Farley’s Directory

51 1886 May Loy’s JFC article does not list Crusader Crusader ad
Inland Printer Jun 1886

52 1887 Apr DTF address Washington St

Printers Circular Mar 1887

1888 Schraubstadter and St John acquire BTF; St John returns to Boston as manager. BTF/CTF specimen books combined Mullen⁵ 34

53 1888
DTF Specimen book
Annenberg³ 129

54 1888-1891 Herriet and Schroeder design and/or cut new sizes, variations of BTF faces first cut by JFC
Loy¹ Dec 1898, Jul 1899

55 1888 Sep DTF address Congress St Outing/Jagged#, Cursive Script ads HTF later sells Cursive Script Inland Printer Oct 1888 J246

56 1888 Nov
Quaint=Desdemona# ad
Inland Printer Dec 1888

1889 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

57 1889-1891 Schroeder partners with N.J. Werner

Loy¹ Dec 1898, Aug 1899

58 1889 Loy’s JFC article lists only Colonial Colonial, Gladiate#, Moxon# First HTF specimen book? (not listed by Annenberg³ 146, 252) Hawks & Shattuck 1889;
Inland Printer Dec 1890


59 1889 Jan DTF announces type design contest
(no followup report found)
4-Page insert: Cursive Script, Jagged#, Outing, Quaint#
Inland Printer Feb 1889

60 1889 <Jul Did the DTF contest winner design Typothetae#? Typothetae=Skjald# caps ad
Inland Printer Sep 1889
Praise by A. McNally dated July 15
J301

61 1889 <Mar Commissioned by CTF, Schroeder designs French OS LC, DTF designs caps JFC cuts (designs?) French OS caps HTF later sells French OS Mullen⁵ 141; Loy¹ Jul 1898; Loy¹ Dec 1898; American Bookmaker Mar 1889

62 1889 Aug Book faces not patented/patentable; several producers showed similar faces French Elzevir/Italic ad; note to printers: LC works with French OS caps
Inland Printer Sep 1889 J300

63 1889 <Sep Commissioned by CTF, Schroeder designs/cuts DeVinne#, designs Cushing OS JFC cuts Cushing OS, CTF submits review specimen HTF later sells DeVinne# and Hunnewell≈Cushing OS# American Bookmaker Oct 1889; Mullen⁵ 142-143; Loy¹ Jul 1898; McGrew⁴ 183

1890 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

64 1890-1892 William Morris establishes Kelmscott Press; designs Golden#, Troy#, Chaucer#

Peterson⁸ 81-82, 92-94

65 1890 DTF “came under the control of Phinney, who had been manager for several years.” Phinney describes his job as “type formatter” DTF specimen book, same as 1888 with new title page and 22 page changes
Annenberg³ 129
US Census (phinneysplace.com)


66 1890 HTF leases entire building, 24-26 Hawley St

Inland Printer Oct 1902

67 1890 Jan BBS advertises French OS, 9 sizes

Inland Printer Feb 1890

68 1890 Feb
Grady ad
Inland Printer Mar 1890 J325

69 1890 Jun ~Makart (Herriet/BTF c1886) Algonquin/A. Ornamented spread
Inland Printer Jul 1890, Nov 1886

70 1890 Sep Did the DTF contest winner design Skjald# LC? Skjald# ad
Inland Printer Oct 1890

71 1890 Oct First news of DeVinne#? Item mentioning DeVinne#
Inland Printer Nov 1890

72 1890 Nov Loy’s JFC article does not list Erratick# Erratick# ad One of Boston’s Enterprising Houses, brass rules ad Inland Printer Dec 1890

73 1890 Dec Loy’s JFC article does not list Herald Reviews: CTF DeVinne#, CTF Cushing OS#, DTF Herald, BTF Makart mentioned
New Faces of Type
American Bookmaker, Jan 1891


1891 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

74 ≤1891 Age about 40, JFC marries Isabella C. Thompson

Cumming Family Gravestone

75 1891 JFC’s Daughter B. Violet born Alexander Phemister retires


76 c1891
2 DTF specimen books
Annenberg³ 129, 251

77 c1891 Herriet quits BTF, returns to New York

Loy¹ Aug 1899

78 1891 Schroeder moves to California, frequent contact with Loy

Loy¹ Dec 1898

79 1891 Morris publishes first Kelmscott book; refuses ATF rights to produce Golden (3 times)

Peterson⁸ 101; Quadrat² Jun 1907

80 1891 Jan HTF offers discount on “types of my own make”
HTF Typewriter ad (bold variation of DTF Stenograph) Inland Printer Feb 1891

81 1891 Jul

Full-page brass-rule printing specimen, “Our Craft’s Bunker Hill” Inland Printer Aug 1891

82 1891 Sep
Virile# ad
Inland Printer Oct 1891 J390

1892 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

83 1892 Feb 8 American Typefounders’ Company Incorporates

84 Immediate Outcome Schraubstadter, St John retire. BTF, DTF, CTF become ATF branches, Phinney a Director Faces originated by BTF, CTF, DTF not yet ATF property? Proudly “anti-trust” HTF is the only independent TF to sell unpatented ATF-tradename faces Quadrat² May 1906, Jun 1907

85 1892-1894 ATF survives on personal credit of Phinney and others

Quadrat² Jul 1907

86 1892
CTF/BTF catalog insert lists 17 ATF branches including DTF HTF Specimen Book Annenberg³ 146

87 1892 <Mar ATF Boston purchases rights to cast DeVinne# from ATF St Louis, advertises it first? DeVinne#/Howland# spread HTF later sells DeVinne# and (unpatented) Howland# Inland Printer Apr 1892, May 1892 J403

88 1892 Apr JFC and Schroeder had cut French OS in 1889; did they cut a copy for HTF?
Item in Business Notices
French OS (unpatented) uc/lc ad
Inland Printer May 1892 J408

89 1892 Dec DeVinne# patent application not yet filed; did JFC or Schroeder cut a copy for HTF?
DeVinne# ad Loy¹ Dec 1898, Aug 1899
Inland Printer Jan 1893
J431

1893–1894 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

90 c1893 Preface set in Devens Script (not listed by Loy) ATF Boston catalog includes DTF, BTF and CTF faces
Annenberg³ 129, 131

91 1893 JFC’s Daughter Alice M. born

Cumming Family Gravestone

92 1893 Elandkay, others cited earlier ATF Cleveland catalog includes DTF, BTF and CTF faces
Annenberg³ 111

93 1893 Jan-Mar Applicant Schroeder: 7 yrs, assigned to V.J.A. Rey, Palmer & Rey (ATF San Francisco) Patent application, DeVinne# filed Jan 16, approved Mar 7 HTF had been selling DeVinne since ≤Dec 1892 USPTO D22263
Inland Printer Jan 1893


94 1894

HTF Specimen Book Annenberg³ 146

95 1894 Mar Praise for advertised machines
Business Notices Inland Printer Apr 1894

96 1894 Apr Loy's article does not list these faces DeVinne# Shaded (original), Howland Open ads
Inland Printer May 1894

97 1894 ≤Dec Masonic Text=Caxton Text (Figgins ≤1878) Discussion of DTF Masonic Text already in use
Hailing’s Circular Spring 1878
Harding⁹ Inland Printer Dec 1894


98 1894 Sep Cut by N.J. Werner, ATF St Louis Quentell# ad
Inland Printer Oct 1894; Mullen⁵ 146

99 1894 Oct R.W. Nelson elected General Manager at ATF stockholders’ meeting, rescues the corporation

Quadrat² Jul 1907

100 1894 ≤Dec Hand-lettered forerunner of ATF Florentine#

Inland Printer Jan 1895

1895 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

101 1895 JFC’s Son Benjamin R. born

Cumming Family Gravestone

102 1895
ATF Blue Book catalog
Annenberg 42

103 1895 Feb Recent Type Designs (no italic),
more sizes pending
Three-page ad, Jenson OS#
Inland Printer Mar 1895

104 1895 Feb 7 Applicant W.P. Quentell: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF. Forerunner of Taylor Gothic Patent application filed: Quentell#
USPTO D24683

105 1895
±Jan-Mar
BTF plant closed

Listed as a production branch
Inland Printer Jan 1895, not Apr


106 1895 ≤May Hand-lettered forerunner of ATF Binner#

Inland Printer Jun 1895

107 1895 Sep 17 Applicant W.P. Quentell: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF. Forerunner of Taylor Gothic Patent issued: Quentell#
USPTO D24683

108 1895 Oct HTF leases partial floor, 28 Hawley St Elandkay ad Trade Notes Inland Printer Nov 1895

109 1895 Nov JFC misses 16 days of work at DTF in the course of duty as Deputy Fish and Game Commissioner

MA Commissioners on Inland Fisheries and Game 12:42, 1896.

110 1895 ≤Dec

Boston Mechanics Fair, hundreds view HTF demonstrations Picked Up on the Road,
American Bookmaker Dec 1895


1896 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

111 1896
5 regional ATF specimen books, first collective editions
Annenberg³ 42

112 1896 Jan William Morris, tuberculosis victim, distressed by ATF Jenson

Peterson⁸ 196-199

113 1896 Feb Additional sizes and LC in preparation Recent Type Designs,
Florentine OS (caps only)

Inland Printer Mar 1896

114 1896 Feb Pacific States TF (San Francisco) not an ATF branch
HTF distributes Pacific States Aldus designed by Schroeder Inland Printer Mar 1896; Loy¹ Dec 1898

115 1896 Mar
HTF distributes Pacific States Gracilis, designer unknown Inland Printer Apr 1896

116 1896 May Loy’s JFC article does not list Florentine No. 2 Florentine# OS caps review, dual-case Florentine No. 2 ad HTF distributes Pacific States Sierra designed by Schroeder Harding⁹ Inland Printer Jun 1896;
Loy¹ Dec 1898
17:317 329,

117 ????–
1896 Aug 15
Schroeder tells Loy that JFC cut DTF faces; Loy proposes article series, writes to JFC and 8 others

Letters of William E. Loy, CA Historical Society (Johnston & Saxe⁷ 10-19)

118 1896 <Sep
Satanick#/Jenson Italic# 4-page ad
Insert, Inland Printer Volume 17 (Apr-Sep 1896)

119 1896 Sep 9 Loy’s first letter to Phinney

Letters of William E. Loy, CA Historical Society (Johnston & Saxe⁷ 10-19)

120 1896 Sep
Satanick#/Jenson# ad
Inland Printer Oct 1896 J542

121 1896 Oct 3 William Morris dies, tuberculosis

Peterson⁸ 259-266

122 1896 Oct 7 Phinney answers Loy’s first letter

Letters of William E. Loy, CA Historical Society (Johnston & Saxe⁷ 10-19)

Conclusive evidence of JFC employment by ATF Boston ends here

123 1896 Oct 13 Loy’s second letter to Phinney, response unknown

Letters of William E. Loy, CA Historical Society (Johnston & Saxe⁷ 10-19)

124 1896 Nov 11 Applicant JFC: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF; residence verified as Worcester, MA Patent applications filed: Satanick#, Jenson Italic#, Jenson OS#(?)
USPTO D26501, D29480

125 1896 <Dec Why? Taylor Gothic was produced by ATF Boston for the Boston Globe Ihlenburg (ATF Philadelphia) designs and/or cuts Taylor Gothic
Pankow⁶ 18 J553

126 1896 Dec Per McGrew,⁴ Hansen OS≈Jenson OS# (patent pending?); did JFC cut it for HTF? Taylor Gothic ad Hansen OS ad Inland Printer Jan 1897; McGrew⁴ 175 J552-553

1897 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

127 1897 New York edition dated April 9 regional ATF specimen books
Annenberg³ 43, 250

128 1897 Hansen’s son H.A. manages HTF

Inland Printer Apr 1916

129 1897 JFC’s Daughter Elsie born

Cumming Family Gravestone

130 1897 Schraubstadter Sr. dies

Mullen⁵ 35

131 1897 Binner Engraving Co. discontinues use of future ATF faces: Binner Gothic#, Binner#, Florentine#
HTF Specimen Book Annenberg³ 146

132 1897 Jan 05 Applicant JFC: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent issued, Satanick#
USPTO D26501

133 1897 <Feb Patents of Interest to Printers

Inland Printer Mar 1897 J556

134 1897 <Apr
Vertical Writing (3 sizes)
ATF New York edition only?

135 1897 May Heyer dies suddenly, heart failure

Loy¹ Jan 1900

136 1897 Jul These ads appeared on consecutive (not facing) pages Vertical Writing ad (24-pt); "patent applied for," more sizes pending Vertical Script ad (24-pt), more sizes pending Inland Printer Aug 1897

137 1897 Aug 19 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent applications filed: Taylor Gothic, Vertical Writing
USPTO D28253, D28254

138 1897 Aug Loy’s JFC article lists Vertical Script (HTF), not Vertical Writing (ATF)
Vertical Script ad (3 sizes), "patent applied for" Loy¹ Jul 1898
Inland Printer Sep 1897
J578

139 1897 Oct Same 3 sizes shown in ATF April catalog Vertical Writing ad (3 sizes)
Inland Printer Nov 1897 J584

140 1897 Nov JFC may have cut only the caps Binner Gothic# ad
Inland Printer Dec 1897 J585

141 1897 Dec Loy’s JFC article does not list Florentine HF# Florentine HF#, Cushing Italic# ads
Inland Printer Jan 1898 J591/J593

1898–1899 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

142 1898 Feb 01 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF Patents issued: Taylor Gothic, Vertical Writing
USPTO D28253, D28254

143 1898 Jun Loy’s article does not list Touraine OS Italic Touraine OS Italic ad
Printer and Bookmaker Jun 1889

144 1889
6 regional ATF specimen books
Annenberg 43

145 1898 Jun Loy’s last chance to edit JFC article

Loy¹ Jul 1898 J622

146 1898 Aug 22 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, not assigned; Loy’s JFC article does not list Devens nor Touraine Patent applications filed: Devens Script, Touraine OS Italic
USPTO D29773, D30295

147 1898 Oct Loy’s JFC article does not list Binner# Binner#/Binner Open Spread
Inland Printer Nov 1898 J632-633

148 1898 Oct 11 Applicant JFC: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent issued, Jenson Italic#
USPTO D29480

149 1998 Dec 6 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, not assigned. Patent issued, Devens Script
USPTO D29773

150 1898 Dec 30 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, not assigned Patent application filed, Binner#
USPTO D30253

151 1899 JFC’s son John T. born 9 regional ATF specimen books HTF new specimen book praised Cumming Family Gravestone
Annenberg³ 146
Inland Printer Feb 1899


152 1899 Feb 21 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, not assigned Patent issued, Binner#
USPTO D30253

153 1899 Feb 28 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, not assigned Patent issued, Touraine OS Italic
USPTO D30295

154 1899 Mar
Jenson HF# ad
Inland Printer Apr 1899 J659

155 1899 Mar 25 Applicant Cumming: 7 yrs, assigned to H.C. Hansen
Patent application filed, Viking# USPTO D30916

156 1899 Mar 27 Applicant Phinney: 7 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent application filed, Jenson HF#
USPTO D30826

157 1899 May 16 Why didn’t JFC patent this face as Jenson Italic? Patent issued, Jenson HF#
USPTO D30826

158 1899 May 30 Applicant Cumming: 7 yrs, assigned to H.C. Hansen
Patent issued, Viking# USPTO D30916

159 1899 Jun

Viking# ad Inland Printer Jul 1899 23:494, J667

1900–1901 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

160 “Early in the Century” Tokio#~BTF Samoa# (Herriet Jr. ≤1889)
Tokio=Romantic=Harquil# Tokio, McGrew⁴ 309; Samoa, American Bookmaker Jul 1889

161 1900 JFC’s son John T. dies in infancy

Cumming Family Gravestone

162 1900 Feb 1 Co-applicants Phinney/Goudy: 14 yrs, not assigned Patent application filed, Camelot#
USPTO D32298

163 1900 Feb 27 Fastest approval in USPTO history? Patent issued, Camelot#
USPTO D32298

164 1900 Feb
Camelot ad, caps only
Inland Printer Mar 1900

165 1900 May

Review, Marguerite Borders Inland Printer Jun 1900

166 1900 Sep HTF moves to Congress St
Trade Notes, Specimens Received Inland Printer Oct 1900
American Printer Oct 1900
26:147,

167 1901 St John dies, age 60; Bullen hints of medical malpractice
HTF Specimen Book Quadrat² May 1907;
Annenberg³ 146


168 1901 JFC’s daughter Isabella born, dies

Cumming Family Gravestone

169 1901 Sep
Jenson Condensed# ad
Inland Printer Oct 1902

170 1901 Oct JFC cut a face called “Abbott” <Jun 1898 Abbot OS# ad
Loy¹ Jul 1898;
Inland Printer Nov 1901
28:254

171 1901 Oct
Engravers Old English# ad
Inland Printer Nov 1901

172 1901 Nov

Buffalo preview Inland Printer Dec 1901 28:510,

1902–1903 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

173 1902 JFC cuts Montaigne (Riverside Press)

Eason & Rookledge¹⁰ 141; McGrew⁴ 223

174 1902 Jan

Buffalo review Inland Printer Feb 1902 28:775,

175 1902 Jan 08 Applicant Phinney: 14 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent application filed, Abbot OS#
USPTO D35712

176 1902 Feb

Viking Italic ad Inland Printer Mar 1902

177 1902 Feb 08 Applicant Phinney: 14 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent application: Engravers Old English# HTF later sells ~Lafayette Text USPTO D35839; McGrew⁴ 131, 197

178 1902 Apr

Viking#/Buffalo brochures reviewed Inland Printer May 1902

179 1902 Apr 01 Applicant Phinney: 14 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent issued, Engravers Old English#
USPTO D35839

180 1902 Feb 11 Applicant Phinney: 14 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent issued, Abbot OS#
USPTO D35712

181 1902 Aug

Congress# ad, review Inland Printer Sep 1902

182 1902 Sep HTF celebrates 30th anniversary
Specimens Received, Stratford ad Inland Printer Oct 1902 30:98,

183 1902 Oct
Previews: Gothic Condensed No. 7, Stratford Inland Printer Nov 1902 30:339

184 1902 <Dec

Exhibitor, Boston Mechanics Fair Inland Printer Dec 1902

185 1902 Dec Medium Gothic=CTF Mid-Gothic (Werner 1892)
Medium and Boston Gothic Ad Inland Printer Jan 1903; McGrew⁴ 217

186 1903 JFC cut some of these faces for BTF or DTF/ATF; Schroeder or Werner cut others for CTF
HTF Specimen Book: Howland#, Stenograf, Cursive Script, Latin Antique, Victoria Italic, Card Text, French OS, Medium/Boston Gothic Loy¹ Jul 1898, Dec 1898, Aug 1899; McGrew⁴ 89 (Civilité), 217; Mullen⁵ 133-164

187 1903 JFC’s son Joseph P. born

Cumming Family Gravestone

188 1903 Jan

Want Ad for distributors Inland Printer Feb 1903 30:777

189 1903 Jan
Engravers Old English# ad Boston Gothic/Gothic Condensed No 7 ad Inland Printer Feb 1903

190 1903 <Mar Praise for Montaigne, Riverside books
The Man at the Window Inland Printer Mar 1903

191 1903 Apr 29 Applicant Ludvig S. Ipsen: 14 yrs, assigned to ATF Patent applications filed, Florentine HF#/Florentine HF Condensed
USPTO D36366, D36367

192 1903 Jun 16 Patents issued, Florentine HF#/Florentine HF Condensed
USPTO D36366, D36367

193 1903 Nov

New Brass Rules ad Printing Art Dec 1903

1904–1917 General Information, Remarks DTF/ATF Boston HTF Documentation Sources

194 1904 HTF announces New York office, Vanderbilt Building
Trade Notes Inland Printer Dec 1904

195 1905 Sep Hansen Mitering Machine featured
Inland Printer Tech School ad Inland Printer Sep 1905

196 1905 Oct 11
Jenson Italic# patent expires Model for HTF Hansen OS Italic? McGrew⁴ 175

197 1906

DTF Specimen Book Annenberg³ 146

198 1906 <May Larger HTF New York branch, Center/Elm Sts
Full-page ad The Printing Art May 1906

199 1906-1907 Bullen² authors Discursions of a Retired Printer, misinformation about HTF (several since 1872!)
HTF (1872) is "the youngest American letter foundry" Quadrat² Dec 1906 38:357,

200 1907 Apr Per McGrew, Hunnewell≈Cushing
Cambridge≈Windsor Condensed

Cambridge/Hunnewell spread McGrew⁴ 57, 183;
Inland Printer May 1907


201 1907 <Oct HTF 2nd annual picnic, 35th anniversary
Trade Notes Inland Printer Oct 1907

202 1908-c1934 Bullen² reumes ATF employment, volunteers as librarian/historian

Annenberg³ 11-13

203 c1908 Nearly exact copies of ATF Jenson#, Engravers Old English#
HTF Hansen OS Italic, HTF Lafayette Text McGrew⁴ 175, 197

204 1909 JFC’s son Benjamin R. dies, age 14
HTF specimen book “one of the best ever published by any TF” Annenberg³ 145
Cumming Family Gravestone


205 1912 Jun

The House of Hansen Graphic Arts Jul 1912

206 1912 Aug 17 HTF annual outing, 40th anniversary; 100 attend (Bass Point, MA) All-time largest ATF Specimen Book Type Foundry’s 40th Anniversary Inland Printer Nov 1912

207 1913 Oct HTF represented in five cities
House of Hansen Branching Out American Printer Nov 1913

208 1913 Mar Per McGrew, same as Adcraft LF (Western TF 1911)
Puritan Ad Graphic Arts Apr 1913; McGrew⁴ 3

209 1915 H.C. Hansen retires

Inland Printer Nov 1916

210 1916 Jan 4 Hansen dies, age 71
Featured Obituary, portrait Inland Printer Apr 1916 57:99, 1916

211 1916 Oct

Want Ad for distributors Inland Printer Nov 1916

1917-1918•US in World War I (THP scope ends here)

212 1920 Phinney describes job as "manager of a type foundry company"

US Census (phinneysplace.com)

213 c1922 HTF out of business

Annenberg³ 146

1929-1941•Great Depression

214 1930 Phinney describes job as "president of a type foundry"

US Census (phinneysplace.com)

215 1934 ATF bankruptcy, library sold to Columbia University

Annenberg³ 11-13

216 1934 Mrs. Cumming dies
Phinney dies in Dec, age 89


Cumming Family Gravestone;
phinneysplace.com


217 1940 John F. Cumming dies, age 88

Cumming Family Gravestone